[40][41], A later use of the term Kurdistan is found in Empire of Trebizond documents in 1336[42] and in Nuzhat-al-Qulub, written by Hamdollah Mostowfi in 1340. MONETA – Dinaro iracheno. [82] According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam, Kurdistan covers around 190,000 km² (73,000 sq. e Dahuk, e l'UPK che ha invece la propria base nei territori di Kirkūk e Sulaymaniyya. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. This was the outcome of decades of political and military efforts to secure self-rule by the Kurdish minority, who are estimated to number more than 6 … [12] A luglio 2016 l'unica grande città di cui lo Stato Islamico mantiene il controllo è Mosul, considerata la "capitale" del Califfato in Iraq fin dalla sua presa nel 2014.[13]. La bandiera … Corduene became a vassal state of the Roman Republic in 66 BC and remained allied with the Romans until AD 384. Precipitation varies between 200 and 400 mm a year in the plains, and between 700 and 3,000 mm a year on the high plateau between mountain chains. On 28 June 2014 Hüseyin Çelik, a spokesman for the ruling AK party, made comments to the Financial Times indicating Turkey's readiness to accept an independent Kurdistan in northern Iraq. [60], In 1983, the Kurdish provinces were placed under martial law in response to the activities of the militant separatist organization the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). Syrian Kurdistan is located primarily in northern Syria, and covers the province of Al Hasakah and northern Raqqa Governorate, northern Aleppo Governorate and also Jabal al-Akrad (Mountain of the Kurds) region. (Labor Code) ... purposes as Arabic in the autonomous region of Kurdistan. Un team italiano ha sviluppato un progetto di ca - pacity building nel Kurdistan iracheno n dal 2015, per creare un centro per il trapianto di cellule staminali ematopoietiche presso l Hiwa Cancer Hospital, a Sulaymaniyah. In A Dictionary of Scripture Geography (published 1846), John Miles describes Upper and Lower Kurdistan as following: Modern Curdistan is of much greater extent than the ancient Assyria, and is composed of two parts the Upper and Lower. The desert in the south is mostly steppe and would feature xeric plants such as palm trees, tamarix, date palm, fraxinus, poa, white wormwood and chenopodiaceae. Il parlamento della regione del Kurdistan si trova ad Erbil, che è la più grande città curda in Iraq, ma la costituzione curda dichiara che la contesa città di Kirkuk sia la capitale del Kurdistan. All were forcefully put down by the authorities. Il nome del governo regionale è "Governo Regionale del Kurdistan", ossia GRK (Hikûmetî Herêmî Kurdistan in curdo). In tale dram-matico contesto la Cittadella è assurta, infatti, a simbolo di una popolazione che . [96] Exxon responded by announcing its intention to leave the West-Qurna project. T. A. Sinclair, "Eastern Turkey, an Architectural and Archaeological Survey", Vol. But I was still a kid." Esso è una nazione e non uno Stato indipendente. "region of Kurds") or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. Storia. Iraq became a kingdom under a British mandate in 1921, achieved independence in 1932, and became a republic in 1958. "Re-conceptualizing Kurdistan as a Battlefield. the fourth is Jeezera ul Omar, a city on an island in the Tigris, and corresponding to the ancient Bezabde. The History of a Community, Culture and Religion. Various groups, among them the Guti, Hurrians, Mannai (Mannaeans), and Armenians, lived in this region in antiquity. dopo questi due fiumi sorgono i monti zagros.Dove i due fimi si incontrano e formano … [17][18] One of the ancient names of Kurdistan is Corduene. [15] There is also a Kurdistan Province in Iran, but it is not self-ruled. Nel 2017, il tasso di disoccupazione è superiore al 20%, e il 30% della popolazione della regione del Kurdistan vive sotto la soglia di povertà. Circa il nome ufficiale, la nuova Costituzione irachena parla di Regione del Kurdistan. [99], Other mineral resources that exist in significant quantities in the region include coal, copper, gold, iron, limestone (which is used to produce cement), marble, and zinc. Iranian Kurdistan encompasses Kurdistan Province and the greater parts of West Azerbaijan, Kermanshah, and Īlām provinces. BANDIERA – Un tricolore a bande orizzontali rossa bianca e verde, con un sole al centro. [10][11] Some definitions also include parts of southern Transcaucasia. [11], A partire dal 2015, lo Stato Islamico comincia a perdere terreno, e le offensive dell'esercito regolare e delle milizie a esso legate, unitamente ai raid aerei americani e alla pressione sul fronte siriano, portano alla riconquista irachena di diverse aree, incluse le città di Tikrit, Ramadi e Falluja. Share. Geographically, Kurdistan roughly encompasses the … The Yezidis of Sinjar: the aftermath of catastrophe. 13143 posts Page 495 of 822. While Kurdistan is … Italy–Kurdistan Region relations are bilateral relations between Italy and the Kurdistan Region.Italy has a consulate general in Erbil, while Kurdistan Region has a representation in Rome. ... Un accordo segreto tra la Turchia e il governo della regione autonoma del Kurdistan iracheno per il commercio di gas e petrolio … Kurdistan "That day, we lost seven men in our family. Fra essi, 3 sono sotto il controllo del governo regionale del Kurdistan. In November 2011, Exxon challenged the Iraqi central government's authority with the signing of oil and gas contracts for exploration rights to six parcels of land in Kurdistan, including one contract in the disputed territories, just east of the Kirkuk mega-field. Lower Curdistan comprises all the level tract to the east of the Tigris, and the minor ranges immediately bounding the plains and reaching thence to the foot of the great range, which may justly be denominated the Alps of western Asia.[85]. Yezidi in Kurdistan quale futuro? I numerosi fiumi che fluiscono da tali montagne e bagnano la regione sono all'origine della fertilità del terreno e della sua lussureggiante vegetazione. Il ruolo della religione nella società curda è stato di primaria importanza divenendo, sia in un remoto che recente passato, il centro catalizzatore delle vicende curde. Hillman and A.J Legge, Published 2000, Oxford University Press. Last edited on 19 February 2020, at 10:18. 21, 1988–1989, p. 281, by Société des études armeniennes, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Published by Imprimerie nationale, P. Geuthner, 1989. Tamanon lies just north of the modern Iraq-Turkey border, while Hazza is 12 km southwest of modern Erbil. In the 16th century, after prolonged wars, Kurdish-inhabited areas were split between the Safavid and Ottoman empires. Alcuni, come il Pdki, hanno cercato il sostegno statunitense e israeliano nella loro battaglia contro Teheran, entrando in una nuova fase della lotta armata in Iran forse in rea- zione alla crescente presa del Pkk tra i curdi iraniani11 . Greater Kurdistan armed forces > Kurdish Military > SK Peshmerga. For centuries they have been subjected to persecution and many of them have converted to Islam and Christianity. The suffix -stan (Persian: ـستان‎, translit. [84] There are another 9 to 12 million Turkish citizens of Kurdish descent in predominantly Turkish regions of Turkey as the majority of Turkish Kurds no longer live in Southeastern Anatolia. Allison, C. (2015). Al-Hasakah province, also known as Jazira region, has geopolitical importance of oil and is suitable for agricultural lands. [70], Turkey has historically feared that a Kurdish state in Northern Iraq would encourage and support Kurdish separatists in the adjacent Turkish provinces, and have therefore historically strongly opposed Kurdish independence in Iraq. Their name comes from the Aramaic for "knowledge." "My mother's face had lost it's smile. Il Kurdistan iracheno, ufficialmente Regione del Kurdistan, (in curdo: Herêma Kurdistanê), è un'entità federale autonoma nella parte settentrionale dell'Iraq che comprende i quattro governatorati a maggioranza curda di Dahuk (Dihok), Erbil (Hewlêr), Halabja (Helebce) e Sulaymaniyya (Silêmanî). [16], The exact origins of the name Kurd are unclear. Luristān, Balūčistān, Turkistān, Hindūstān, etc.). In another passage in the same document, the region of the Khabur River is also identified as land of the Kurds. 20 (81): 149–182. Il raggio dispari sta in alto. Barham Salih (in arabo: برهم أحمد صالح‎, Barham Aḥmad Ṣāliḥ) è un uomo politico curdo iracheno.È stato vice-Primo ministro del governo di transizione iracheno dal 2004 al 2005, vice-Primo ministro d'Iraq dal 2006 al 2009 e Primo ministro del Governo Regionale del Kurdistan dal 2009 al 2012. I principali partiti presenti in Kurdistan sono il PDK, radicato nei governatorati di Arbil ma del Kurdistan Iracheno. In the former is the province of Ardelan, the ancient Arropachatis, now nominally a part of Irak Ajami, and belonging to the north west division called Al Jobal. di fratelli Fernandes. Iranian Kurdistan or Eastern Kurdistan (Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی کوردستان ,Rojhilatê Kurdistanê ‎) is an unofficial name for the parts of northwestern Iran with either a majority or sizable population of Kurds.Geographically, it includes the West Azerbaijan Province, Kurdistan Province, Kermanshah Province, Ilam Province and parts of Lorestan Province. Kurdish dynasties, emirates, principalities, Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, thousands of Kurdish villages were destroyed by the government, Syrian Kurdish–Islamist conflict (2013–present), Turkey demands Google remove Greater Kurdistan map, page 84 “The years of silence and of renewal”, "Kurds seek autonomy in democratic Syria", "Coup d'oeil sur la culture nationale Kurde", "Sharafnama: History of the Kurdish Nation", Kurdistan and its native Provincial subdivisions, "The map presented by the Kurdish League Delegation, March 1945", "Turkey may be divided, a Kurdish state could become a reality by 2030: U.S. Intelligence report", "The Rise of ISIS, a Golden Opportunity for Iraq's Kurds", "Turkey Ready To Accept Kurdish State in Northern Iraq", "After Being Banned for Almost a Century, Turkey's Kurds Are Clamoring to Learn Their Own Language", "Three raising Kurdistan flag during May Day arrested in Turkey", "Some 30,000 Syrians flee to Iraq's Kurdistan region, more expected", "Syrian Kurds continue to flee to Iraq in their thousands", "Syrian Kurds Flee To Iraq by the Thousands", "Turkey and Saudi Arabia alarm the West by backing Islamist extremists the Americans had bombed in Syria", "Turkey sees Nusra Front as terrorist group, acts accordingly: source", "Middle East | Kurds show coded support for PKK". Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. The city of Piranshahr, center of Mokrian district, northwestern Iran, 19th-century map showing the location of the Kingdom of Corduene in 60 BCE, Kurdish independent kingdoms and autonomous principalities circa 1835. Due to the extraordinary archaeological richness of the region, almost any dam impacts historic sites. [97], As of July 2007, the Kurdish government solicited foreign companies to invest in 40 new oil sites, with the hope of increasing regional oil production over the following five years by a factor of five, to about 1 million barrels per day (160,000 m3/d). La regione confina con l'Iran a Est, con la Turchia a Nord, con la Siria a Ovest. [48][49], At the end of the First Gulf War, the Allies established a safe haven in northern Iraq. Cambiamento) nato da una scissione interna dell'UPK nel 2006 e che si è imposto nel territorio di Sulaymaniyya. Kurdistan in the Middle Ages was a collection of semi-independent and independent states called emirates. … The major cities in this region are Qamishli (Kurdish: Qamişlo) and Al Hasakah (Kurdish: Hasakah). Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}37°00′N 43°00′E / 37.000°N 43.000°E / 37.000; 43.000, Kurdistan (/ˌkɜːrdɪˈstæn, ˈstɑːn/; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (listen); lit. Benché continuino i combattimenti sia contro il governo iracheno e le truppe straniere, sia fra le diverse comunità etnico-religiose, la scadenza viene rispettata e nel 2011 le truppe straniere terminano il ritiro dall'Iraq. La minoranza curda di Turchia, dopo il Trattato di Losanna, subì un processo di assimilazione alla cultura turca e una violenta repressione e negazione della propria identità etnica e culturale. A comprehensive history of these states and their relationship with their neighbors is given in the text of Sharafnama, written by Prince Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi in 1597. [5] Tuttavia, l'Iraq ha riconosciuto l'autonomia del Kurdistan solo dopo la caduta di Saddam Hussein nel 2003 con una nuova costituzione irachena nel 2005. [94], Kurdistan extends to Lake Urmia in Iran on the east. 3, Pindar Press, Zehiroglu, Ahmet M. ; "Trabzon Imparatorlugu" 2016 (. [53] Various sources have reported that Al-Nusra has issued a fatwā calling for Kurdish women and children in Syria to be killed,[73] and the fighting in Syria has led tens of thousands of refugees to flee to Iraq's Kurdistan region. The main cities in this area are Kirkuk and Arbil. [14], "Kurdistan" was also formerly spelled Curdistan. [63][64] A guerrilla war took place through the 1980s and 1990s in which much of the countryside was evacuated, thousands of Kurdish villages were destroyed by the government, and numerous summary executions were carried out by both sides. [9], All'inizio del 2014 questo gruppo assume il controllo della città di Falluja e di buona parte della provincia irachena occidentale di al-Anbar, oltre che della Siria orientale, e si espande poi fra giugno e luglio a nord e a est, prendendo in particolare le città di Mosul e Tikrit e spingendosi fino al territorio del Kurdistan. [31] According to Al-Muqaddasi and Yaqut al-Hamawi, Tamanon was located on the south-western or southern slopes of Mount Judi and south of Cizre. The Mandaeans practice an ancient gnostic religion. Stamp. Kurdistan is one of the most mountainous regions in the world with a cold climate receiving annual precipitation adequate to sustain temperate forests and shrubs. «Il pericolo che minaccia il Kurdistan iracheno non è l’Isis, è la crisi economica» ... Islam Shiga Religione Stati Uniti Australia Jackson Studi Obiettivi Di Ripresa Lets Go. Despite this, much of the region is fertile and has historically exported grain and livestock. Islamic State crisis: Air strikes target Syria stronghold. Extraction of these reserves began in 2007. "[89] Mountains are regarded as sacred by the Kurds. No one relying upon a document drawn up in another language may prevail in a claim … [62] Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, political parties that represented Kurdish interests were banned. [50], A 2010 US report, written before the instability in Syria and Iraq that exists as of 2014, attested that "Kurdistan may exist by 2030". Richmond. [38][39] The second record occurs in the prayer from the colophon of an Armenian manuscript of the Gospels, written in 1200. mi.) [10] L'avanzata dell'IS viene frenata dai raid degli Stati Uniti e dalle milizie curde e sciite. 30giorni.it. non vuole rinunciare alla sua antica tradi- Meeting organized by Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana Treccani and Istituto Internazionale di Cultura Kurda. Allison, C. (2001). [8] Geographically, Kurdistan roughly encompasses the northwestern Zagros and the eastern Taurus mountain ranges. Revue des études arméniennes, vol. Il 25 settembre 2017 la popolazione curda è stata chiamata alle urne per decidere con un referendum se ottenere una completa indipendenza dall'Iraq[14]. I Curdi chiamano la loro regione Kurdistana Başȗr (Kurdistan del Sud) o Başûrê Kurdistanê (Sud del Kurdistan), in riferimento alla localizzazione geografica della regione autonoma rispetto all'ideale unitario del Kurdistan. Some historians have correlated a connection between Corduene with the modern names of Kurds and Kurdistan;[20][26][27] T. A. Sinclair dismissed this identification as false,[28] while a common association is asserted in the Columbia Encyclopedia. Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan (Kurdish: باشووری کوردستان ,Başûrê Kurdistanê ‎,) is the part of Kurdistan in northern Iraq.It is one of the four parts of Kurdistan, which also includes parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Syria (Western Kurdistan), and northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan). L’avevo in wishlist da un po’, ho deciso di leggerlo dopo l’intervento militare turco in Rojava. "Iraq's Marshes Show Progress toward Recovery", "Iraqi Kurds: "No Friend but the Mountains, "A Watershed Moment for Iraqi Kurdistan: Subnational Hydropolitics and Regional Stability", "Despite Abundant Water, Kurdistan Prone to Future Shortages", "Agriculture and Autonomy in the Middle East", "Iraq says expects Exxon to finish West Qurna Sale by December", "Iraqi Kurds open 40 new oil sites to foreign investors", Official statements on the oil and gas sector in the Kurdistan region, "First Shipment of Kurdistan Crude Arrives in Turkey", Organization of Iranian Kurdistan Struggle, Action Party for the Independence of Kurdistan, Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, Kurdistan Democratic Party – Progressive Front, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kurdistan&oldid=995203738#Geography, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Armenian-language sources (hy), Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Articles containing Kurdish-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 20:07. Galletti, Mirella (2001). [17] Il governo regionale parla di Kurdistan-Iraq o Regione del Kurdistan ma evita il termine di Kurdistan iracheno.[18]. Il progetto è La regione confina con l'Iran a Est, con la Turchia a Nord, con la Siria a Ovest. Benché istituito già nel 1991 il territorio del Kurdistan iracheno assume le attuali caratteristiche di autonomia solo con l'introduzione della nuova costituzione nel 2005. [29], Some of the ancient districts of Kurdistan and their corresponding modern names:[30], One of the earliest records of the phrase land of the Kurds is found in an Assyrian Christian document of late antiquity, describing the stories of Assyrian saints of the Middle East, such as Abdisho. [71] The word 'Kurdistan', whether written or spoken, can still lead to detention and prosecution in Turkey. “Jihadisti minacciano di giustiziare 4.000 Yazidi”, I curdi dell’Iraq verso referendum per l’indipendenza, Kurdistan Region’s Uncertain Future; Leaping Toward Authoritarianism. Kurdistan Region is estimated to contain around 45 billion barrels (7.2×10^9 m3) of oil, making it the sixth largest reserve in the world. It contains five others namely, Betlis, the ancient Carduchia, lying to the south and south west of the lake Van. Notable companies active in Kurdistan include ExxonMobil, Total, Chevron, Talisman Energy, Genel Energy, Hunt Oil, Gulf Keystone Petroleum, and Marathon Oil. Sometimes even the western regions of the Armenian Republic and Georgia are also included into this phantom land. Lingua e religione . raq (ĭ-răk′, ĭ-räk′, ī-răk′) A country of southwest Asia. È la storia di Azad e della sua famiglia, una famiglia curda nell'Iraq della seconda … Most of the 700,000 members of the ethno-religious group known as the Yazidi people live in Iraq and Syria or the diaspora. [25] The region came under Persian rule during the reign of Cyrus the Great and Darius I. However, following the chaos in Iraq after the US invasion, Turkey has increasingly worked with the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government. Se fossero di meno, saremmo più uniti e più forti”, ci dice Salar, classe ’66, curdo di Silêmanî, città del Kurdistan iracheno. [44] Evliya Çelebi, who traveled in Kurdistan between 1640 and 1655, mentioned different districts of Kurdistan including Erzurum, Van, Hakkari, Cizre, Imaddiya, Mosul, Shahrizor, Harir, Ardalan, Baghdad, Derne, Derteng, until Basra.[45]. The Baathist regime of Saddam … ", A Dictionary of Scripture Geography, p 57, by John Miles, 486 pages, Published 1846, Original from Harvard University, Village on the Euphrates: From Foraging to Farming at Abu Hureyra, by A.M.T Moore, G.C. [101], A typical Kurdish village in Hawraman, Kurdistan, Canyon in Rawanduz in northern Iraqi Kurdistan. (...) In modern usage―for the most part in the publications of Kurdish authors―the term Kurdistan covers a substantial portion of the Near East: the whole eastern and central parts of the Republic of Turkey; the entire Western Iran―from the north to the south up to the Persian Gulf; the northern areas of Iraq and Syria. (2013). in Iraq, and 12,000 km² (5,000 sq. Storia della regione del Kurdistan e delle sette di religione ivi esistenti. Kurdistan iracheno (curdo: کوردستان) è una regione autonoma dell'Iraq. Iraqi Kurdistan largely escaped the privations of the last years of Saddam's rule and the chaos that followed his ouster in 2003, and built a parliamentary democracy with a growing economy. L'unione, respinta dalla maggior parte della dirigenza di al-Nuṣra e da al-Qāʿida, provoca l'allontanamento dalla rete di al-Qāʿida del nuovo gruppo, che prende il nome di Stato Islamico dell'Iraq e del Levante (ISIS o ISIL nella sigla inglese, Da'ish in quella araba). [52] The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, who took more than 80 Turkish persons captive in Mosul during their offensive, is an enemy of Turkey, making Kurdistan useful for Turkey as a buffer state. Iraqi Kurdistan, officially called the Kurdistan Region (Central Kurdish: هه‌رێمی کوردستان‎, translit. Kurds fighting in the Syrian Civil War were able to take control of large sections of northern Syria and establish self-governing regions in an Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, where they call for autonomy in a federal Syria after the war. Iraq 1. 2017 “La religione Yezida, storia e dottrina”. They mention the mountains of Qardu, city of Qardu and country of Qardawaye. 4-set-2017 - Esplora la bacheca "Erbil Citadel" di su Pinterest. Forse è proprio per questo che il popolo soprattutto i progressisti confondano ancora di più la religione con un qualcosa che gli voglia opprimere o renderli in qualche modo "schiavi" o repressi assieme al governo scellerato che magari a parole cerca IDDIO usandolo a dove gli fa comodo per giustificare magari anche le loro nefandezze. "Le relazioni tra Italia e Kurdistan - La politica italiana verso assiri e curdi (1920-1943)". Administratively, the 20th century saw the establishment of the short-lived areas of the Kingdom of Kurdistan (1921–1924), Kurdistansky Uyezd i.e. 9-10. Attualmente hanno all'attivo circa 200.000 soldati. Gli Stati in cui confina sono la Turchia, lran, l’Iraq, la Siria e l’Armenia. La regione del Kurdistan … 13143 posts Page 495 of 822. However, they were later driven out of Hazza by pagans, and settled in Tamanon, which according to Abdisho was in the land of the Kurds. I cristiani del Kurdistan iracheno sono … [36][37] The emirates included Baban, Soran, Badinan and Garmiyan in the south; Bakran, Bohtan (or Botan) and Badlis in the north, and Mukriyan and Ardalan in the east. Quando l'esercito iracheno si ritirò dalla maggior parte delle aree contese a metà del 2014 a causa dell'offensiva dell'ISIL nel nord dell'Iraq, le Peshmerga curde entrarono nelle aree e vi mantennero il controllo fino all'ottobre 2017.[3]. [74][75][76] As of 2015, Turkey is actively supporting the Al-Nusra,[77] but as of January 2017, Turkey's foreign ministry has said that Al-Nusra is a terrorist group and has acted accordingly. [65][66][67] Food embargoes were placed on Kurdish villages and towns. He described a battle near Amid and Siverek in 1062 as to have taken place in Kurdistan. Animals found in the region include the Syrian brown bear, wild boar, gray wolf, the golden jackal, Indian crested porcupine, the red fox, goitered gazelle, Eurasian otter, striped hyena, Persian fallow deer, long-eared hedgehog, onager, mangar and the Euphrates softshell turtle. Large part of water to the neighbor countries come from it. Kurdistan is not a country, but the map of the Kurdish region includes the geographical region in the Middle East wherein the Kurdish people have historically established a prominent population and unified cultural identity.. A People Without A Home The plateaus and mountains of Kurdistan, which are characterized by heavy rain and snow fall, act as a water reservoir for the Near and Middle East, forming the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, as well as other numerous smaller rivers, such as the Little Khabur, Khabur, Tharthar, Ceyhan, Araxes, Kura, Sefidrud, Karkha, and Hezil. Iraq and Syria dammed many of these rivers and their tributaries, and Turkey has an extensive dam system under construction as part of the GAP (Southeast Anatolia Project); though incomplete, the GAP already supplies a significant proportion of Turkey's electrical energy needs. Kurdistan iracheno. Più del 95% degli iracheni è musulmano, diviso in sciiti (più del 60%), presenti perlopiù nelle zone centrali e meridionali, e sunniti, che popolano soprattutto il nord.Il paese ospita, inoltre, alcune città sante sciite, come An-Najaf e Karbala. Much of the region is typified by a continental climate – hot in the summer, cold in the winter. Prima dell’avvento dell’Islam (637), nelle zone occupate dell’attuale Kurdistan era radicato lo Zoroastrismo . mi.) [54][55][56], In an attempt to deny their existence, the Turkish government categorized Kurds as "Mountain Turks" until 1991;[57][58][59] The words "Kurds", "Kurdistan", or "Kurdish" were officially banned by the Turkish government. The Kurdistan Region (KRI; Kurdish: هەرێمی كوردستان ,Herêma Kurdistanê‎, Arabic: اقليم كوردستان‎ ) is an autonomous region in northern Iraq comprising the four Kurdish-majority governorates of Dohuk, Erbil, Halabja and Sulaymaniyah and bordering Iran, Syria and Turkey. Da sapere . La coalizione assicura ai curdi anche supporto logistico per le truppe peshmerga grazie ad addestramenti militari in Iraq. Outgunned and untested for years, Kurdish peshmerga struggle, http://previous.cabinet.gov.krd/a/d.aspx?s=010000&l=12&a=18626, http://www.corriere.it/esteri/16_luglio_02/isis-califfato-sta-cambiando-pelle-ma-piu-vivo-che-mai-1adae28a-4020-11e6-9b09-25e75ee8bd2e.shtml, http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/isis/iraq/1.729093, http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/cronaca/2017/09/26/il-93-ha-votato-si-per-lindipendenza-del-kurdistan-dalliraq_ca847284-040c-4aec-b5a8-22b0df3b1dfb.html, Referendum sull'indipendenza del Kurdistan iracheno del 2017, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kurdistan_iracheno&oldid=117023919, Pagine con argomenti di formatnum non numerici, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, 26,500,000,000 miliardi milioni di $ (2007). mi.) The Status of the Iraq Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman 1956 and Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Linnaeus 1758 in Iraq. Il territorioil nucleo principale e’ costituito.Dalla pianura alluvionale quella cheveniva chiamata mesopotamia formata dai depositi dell’ tigree dell’eufrate. [46] After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Allies contrived to split Kurdistan (as detailed in the ultimately unratified Treaty of Sèvres) among several countries, including Kurdistan, Armenia and others. Nel Kurdistan iracheno ed in quello siriano vi è una nutrita comunità di religione cristiana, di etnia assira. Urmia, Van, as well as Zarivar Lake west of Marivan, and Lake Dukan near the city of Sulaymaniyah, are frequented by tourists.[94]. Questi Governatorati sono chiamati parēzge in curdo. ; and Nader, I.A. Il territorio è, in gran parte, formato da catene montuose che … Le montagne, il clima e la qualità delle acque fanno del Kurdistan iracheno una regione a forte vocazione agricola e turistica. Herêmî Kurdistan, Arabic: إقليم كردستان‎, translit. [98] Gas and associated gas reserves are in excess of 2,800 km3 (100×10^12 cu ft). In the context of: “Culture of Peace, Culture for Peace - The Italian contribution … Un altro partito che alle elezioni parlamentari del 2014 ha conquistato notorietà è il partito Gorran (trad. Il Kurdistan iracheno, ufficialmente Regione del Kurdistan, (in curdo: Herêma Kurdistanê), è un'entità federale autonoma nella parte settentrionale dell'Iraq che comprende i quattro governatorati a maggioranza curda di Dahuk (Dihok), Erbil (Hewlêr), Halabja (Helebce) e Sulaymaniyya (Silêmanî). The term Kurdistan (Kurdistān) belongs to the category of geographical names formed with the NPers. [100], In July 2012, Turkey and the Kurdistan Region signed an agreement by which Turkey will supply the KRG with refined petroleum products in exchange for crude oil.

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